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Nanoparticle synthesis approaches at a glance

  • Wali Muhammad Department of Biotechnology, Quaid-i-Azam University 45320, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Iqra Haleem College of Pharmacy, Chung-Ang University, Seoul 06974, Republic of Korea.
  • Naimat Ullah Department of Chemistry, Quaid-i-Azam University 45320, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Qasim Khan Department of Pharmacy, Quaid-i-Azam University 45320, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Senthil Kumar N Post Graduate and Research Department of Physics, Kongunadu Arts and Science College, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu 641029, India


Nanotechnology has opened a new era for scientists and engineers to build nanomaterials with diverse applications. Nowadays, nanotechnology plays a vital role
in each and every sector due to its extraordinary physical and chemical properties. It deals with development and synthesis of variety of nanoparticles (NPs), which ranging from 1 to 100 nm. The major approaches used for the synthesis of NPs are top to bottom and bottom to up which mainly included physical, chemical and biological methodologies. This mini review highlights synthesis of NPs through various approaches specifically targeted biological route.


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