Facile synthesis of calcium oxide nanoparticles from the carica papaya leaf extract with the significantly enhanced antibacterial activity
The conventional methods for the synthesis of metal oxides intake large amount of hazardous chemicals, the best promising alternative is the use of plant extracts. In this work, calcium oxide nanoparticles of 16 nm size with the cubic shape were synthesized using the papaya leaf extract by the simple greener route using calcium chloride as a source material by co-precipitation method. By using the XRD (X-Ray Diffraction), FTIR (Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy), SEM (Scanning Electron Microscope) and EDAX (Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis), the structural,surface morphology, functional group and the antibacterial activity of the synthesized calcium oxide nanoparticles were analyzed. The XRD pattern of the CaO nanoparticles was well matched with the standard value and the crystalline size obtained using the Scherer formula was 16 nm. The elemental composition of the prepared sample was confirmed by the EDAX result. The presence of the functional groups of the synthesized CaO nanoparticles was confirmed by the FTIR analysis (4000-400 cmˉ1). The cubic morphology was identified from the SEM image and the grain size ranges from 125-218 nm. The CaO nanoparticles were further evaluated for their antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and klebsiella pneumonia and from the result it was found that CaO nanoparticles was active against both gram positive and gram negativebacteria.Therefore, it may be an emerging platform for new medicines.