Acalypha Indica mediated MgO NPs: A novel approach in greener route with its antibacterial activity against pathogens
The interest in miniaturization of particles revealed the hidden applications of metal oxides. The potential applications of the particles may vary when the size of the particle is reduced. One of the alternative routes to the conventional approach is the use of plant extract for the synthesis of metal oxides NPs. In the framework of this study, the ecofriendly MgO nanoparticles were synthesized using Acalypha Indica leaf extract,functioning as reducing and capping agent by co-precipitation method. The predecessor taken here was Magnesium Nitrate. The biologically synthesized MgO NPs were characterized by various techniques like X ray diffraction(XRD), Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy(FTIR), Scanning electron microscope (SEM) with Energy Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy(EDX) profile and its antibacterial activity is evaluated against causative organisms. XRD studies confirmed the face centered cubic crystalline structure of MgO NPs and the average crystalline size of MgO NPs calculated using Scherer’s formula was found to be 13 nm. FTIR spectrum shows a significant Mg-O vibrational band. Purity, surface morphology and chemical composition of elements were confirmed by SEM with EDX. The SEM result shows the fine spherical morphology with the grain size range between 43nm to 62nm. Antimicrobial assay of MgO NPs was examined against gram positive and negative bacteria. Appreciated activity was observed on the Staphylococcus aureus bacterial species. In general, the renewed attempt of this facile approach gave the optimum results of multifunctional MgO NPs.