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Optimization and thermal effects of polyaniline nanomaterial synthesized by chemical oxidative polymerization method

  • Dhachanamoorthi N Assistant Professor & Head, PG Department of Physics, Vellalar College for women, Erode-12, Tamilnadu, India
  • Padmapriya B II M Sc (Physics), PG Department of Physics, Vellalar College for women, Erode-12, Tamilnadu, India.

Abstract

Scientific zone has a great attention to the polyaniline (PANI) nanomaterials which is an organic, conductive and a conjugated polymer. It has variety of applications such as in batteries, microelectronics displays, antistatic coatings, electromagnetic shielding materials and actuators [1]. PANI was synthesized by using chemical oxidative polymerization method. The preparation process carried out by the main reagent aniline (C6H7N) with the ammonium peroxydisulpate (APS) ((NH4)2S2O8) which act as an oxidant and hydrochloric acid (HCL) as a dopant in an ambient temperature. The synthesized polymer materials are annealed at different temperatures such as 200°C,300°C and 400°C. After annealed treatment, the weight percentage of polymer material are changed were decreases with increase the temperature of pure PANI (0.441g),200°C(0.172g), 300°C(0.147g), 400°C (0.105g). Then the obtained polymer materials are characterized by FTIR, UV-Visible, Particle size analysis (PSA) and Antibacterial analysis. FTIR is used to determine the functional group of polymer nanomaterials. UVVisible exhibits the quantitative information about the polymer nanomaterials by using its band gap. The size of the individual particles and the size distribution range of the respective samples are determined by the Particle Size Analyzer (PSA). Antibacterial activity is used to find the polymer nanomaterials which kills bacteria, or bacteriostatic,which slow down the growth of bacteria. These profiling techniques are used to find the properties like functional group, quantitative information, particle size, antibacterial activity of respective polyaniline nanomaterial samples.

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