Synthesis and characterization of magnesium Oxide nanoparticles by sol-gel method
Magnesium oxide was hygroscopic solid mineral that occurs naturally as periclase.Magnesium oxide had high thermal conductivity; it gets heated when the electricity was passed through it. Magnesia crucible had a stability of 2400°C in air, 1700°C in reducing atmosphere. Magnesium oxide nanoparticles were obtained from the mixture of magnesium nitrate as precursor and sodium hydroxide as precipitating agent by sol-gel method. Finally,the resultant white crystalline powder of MgO was annealed at various temperatures of 80°C, 135°C and 180°C. The analytical studies (XRD, SEM FTIR, EDAX) reveals the morphological characterization of MgO nanoparticles. The Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) indicates the structures of MgO nanoparticles. The crystal size of MgO nanoparticles was obtained by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD). The optical properties of the sample were obtained by UV- Visible spectroscopy. Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy indicates powdered composition of the sample. EDAX indicates elementary composition of the MgO nanoparticles.