Search and rescue optimization algorithm for combined economic and emission load dispatch
Economic-emission load dispatch minimizes fuel cost factors and gas emissions to provide optimal performance in generation units in a power plant, ensuring demand supply. The first variable is definitive to maintain business continuity, and the second to assure compliance with environmental legislation and no environmental harm. This work investigates the application of a new computational optimization technique known as the Search and Rescue Optimization Algorithm (SAR), which improves searching capability by employing specified parameters. This algorithm has three effective parameters and works with all generators to minimize the cost and emission while satisfying the defined demand. Simulations were run on multiple IEEE test systems with varying demand values. The obtained findings were compared to each other as well as to the results of other procedures mentioned in the literature. The acquired results appear to be superior to those achieved by other metaheuristics algorithms.